Monday, 27 April 2015

Mother’s stress hormone levels & fetus health !!

Mother’s stress hormone levels & fetus health:

For the natural growth of fetus, the supply of glucose from mother to fetus is essential.
Glucocorticoids, the stress hormones levels regulates metabolism in the fetus. Stress occurrence due to physical, mental or social environment adversely raises the levels of hormones.

A pregnant woman naturally get the glucocorticoid corticosterone via drinking water. The treatment to produce glucocorticoid levels in the mother is like that appears in stressful conditions.

Placenta is the organ that supplies all of the substances required for fetus growth.

As per study, When corticosterone is given in later pregnancy and in unlimited eating conditions, the pregnant woman though eat more but her placenta was unable to transport glucose to the fetus proportionately. This leads to a decrease in the fetus size. This effect was not seen when the hormone was visualize in pregnancy's early stages i.e. when the diet is in limited condition. Actually in stress conditions and with an unlimited diet, the activity of certain genes in the placenta get modify. The modified genes includes "gene Redd1" which signals availability of oxygen and also to interact with intracellular pathways that regulates growth and nutrient supply in body tissues.

As per study that maternal glucocorticoids regulate foetal nutrition by acting on the placenta. The glucocorticoid levels in pregnant women determine the nutrients received by the fetus and influence the long term metabolic health.
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The stress hormone reduced the ability of the placenta to pass essential nutrients to the fetus.

Women who get stressed during pregnancy or those who are clinically treated with glucocorticoids, the extent to which changes in the ability of the placenta to transport nutrients to the fetus exacerbate or protect the child from the potential adverse effects of glucocorticoid overexposure during pregnancy.

By working on diet, a mother can fight the adverse effects of stress hormones on the human placenta. Would be mother’s ‘hormonal profile’ should be observed for a healthy pregnancy & healthy fetus.

Since research is going on, it will always be better to take advice of doctor or health consultant regarding stress hormone levels & fetus health.




Thursday, 23 April 2015

Dental Care during Pregnancy !!

Dental Care during Pregnancy:

Before a woman plan pregnancy, it is important to maintain the health of teeth and gums. Woman need to brush the teeth and gentle massage the gum-line twice a day. For brushing purpose, woman may opt a soft toothbrush with fluoride tooth paste. Woman usually feel more comfortable in taking any dental treatment before pregnancy as compared to post pregnancy due to morning sickness or tiredness at the time pregnancy.

Even though a pregnancy does not have any role in dental decay. Usually dental health get linked to premature delivery and thus healthy teeth and gums is one of the safe pregnancy assurance.

During pregnancy period, consult the dentist on how to take care of teeth & gums.The doctor take all care in prescribing medicines to a pregnant woman as the medicine may affect baby's developing teeth.

At the time of facing the morning sickness or gastric reflux (heartburn) issue particularly during first trimester, the acidic stomach contents can coat the teeth while vomiting. The acid coat may cause the dental erosion which enhances the risk of tooth decay by dissolving tooth enamel.
It is advised not to brush the teeth for half an hour immediately after vomiting or acid reflux. Just rinse mouth with water after every vomit to wash out the acid content. Half an hour time is enough for enamels to recover from the acid attack.
Applying fluoride toothpaste on your teeth can help strengthen enamel. Fluoride strengthens the teeth and helps to prevent tooth decay.

To prevent plaque formation, brush the teeth and massage the gums twice a day. This cleaning need to be done after breakfast and at night before going to sleep.

As far as possible dental x-rays should be avoided during pregnancy. If x-ray is extremely essential then it should be performed under specialist observation and supervision.

Avoid the food such as sugary or acidic snacks that enhances the chance of tooth decay and erosion. Consume foods which are low in sugar, fat and salt but rich in fibre. Rinse mouth with tap water between each meal.

For a pregnant woman, the calcium intake in any form is extremely essential as it decides the health of baby's teeth and bones as well. The needed calcium and phosphorus comes from mother's diet like dairy foods. Teeth and bones of a 4 month fetus begins demands for minerals like calcium and phosphorous.
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Sources of calcium:
- Milk and milk products
- Dairy products such as cheese and yoghurt (such as soy milk with added calcium)
- non-fat or skim yoghurt
- spinach

Consult the doctor & a dietitian for their recommendation particularly for mineral rich food or supplements intake during pregnancy.

There is possibility of passing the tooth decay which may cause bacteria transfer to fetus. Newborn babies may have bacteria in the mouth causing the tooth decay. Mother can reduce  the probability of bacteria passed to her baby by maintaining their own teeth healthy. It is necessary to have treatment of own tooth decay as priority to reduce amount of bacteria in the mouth.

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Monday, 20 April 2015

Pregnancy & Relationship with Partner

Pregnancy & Relationship with the partner:

Pregnancy & the baby might bring behavioral changes among pregnant couple's relationship. These
changes occur smoothly for some couples & some may feel resistance to these changes. Some couple might think that pregnancy & baby birth effect their physical relationship.

There is no thumb rule for Pregnant couple's behavior during pregnancy period. Its individual decision regarding the way to deal with worries, problems, pleasure, joy and the waiting.

Male partner may need time to adjust to pregnancy as he is biologically not connected as much as his partner does. Partner should feel more involved & be supportive in partner's pregnancy/health concern.

Many a times male partner get a feel of pregnancy after seeing the baby during the ultrasound. This is the time he feels sense of involvement with unborn baby.

Mutually sharing of feelings is a great step towards understanding the each others emotions during pregnancy. It's also important to remember that the rules for pregnancy period may vary from person to person.

Pregnancy time is an emotional phase for couples & there might be chances of argument during pregnancy which is quite normal. These arguments may be about some particular things or worry about the ongoing changes happening in lives due to pregnancy phase. Couple need to work on about how to deal with these problems, and on how to adjust with the changes that are soon to arrive.

Couple need to acknowledge that they are going through an emotional challenging phase. Need to implement advises regarding woman's health, nutritional diet, deal with labor time during pregnancy. Presence of partner & dear ones during pregnancy period is always an advantage to the pregnant woman & her baby. As a sensible partner, you might wonder on how to cope seeing the partner in pain and whether you will be able to help her. It is stressful for partner supporting his partner in labor.

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Based on mutual will, feelings & with all considering regarding pregnancy complications, it will be safe to have physical sex relations while pregnancy. By nature the uterus is sealed off by the muscles of the cervix and a plug of mucus.

Due to physical sickness & tiredness, women may lose interest in having sex during their first trimester. The feelings regarding sex drive may change during the middle months of the pregnancy. Though women may find some sex positions being odd to perform with ease. Many couples find that side by side positions works best for them.
At pregnancy's later stages, having an orgasm might cause "Braxton Hicks" contractions due to which muscles of her uterus may go hard. In this case, she just need to lie quietly until the contractions stop naturally. The contractions will not harm the baby at all. Consult the doctor for advice about having sex during pregnancy particularly when she had a previous miscarriage or has bleeding during current pregnancy.

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Tuesday, 14 April 2015

Diet and nutrition essential for mental health

Diet and nutrition essential for mental health:

There is an important relationships between the diet quality, nutritional deficiencies and mental health.

Maternal and early life nutrition is the key factor in the high prevalence of mental disorders. Nutrition is important factor in mental health outcomes in children.

Nutrient based prescription has the potential to assist in the management of mental disorders like depression and anxiety.

Study suggests that nutrients like omega-3s, B vitamins (folate, B12), iron, zinc, magnesium, vitamin D, amino acids are having a direct link with brain health. It will be good to consume these nutrients in the diet form as far as possible. Nutrient supplements may also be taken as prescribed by the doctor.

Many studies have shown relation between healthy nutritional diet and a reduced risk for depression across people. It is need of time to consider diet and additional nutrients to manage the mental ill health.



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Thursday, 9 April 2015

Vitamin D and Pregnancy

Vitamin D and Pregnancy:

The important role of Vitamin D in the body is to help in strengthening the muscle and bone; by
absorbing the calcium from food eaten. In other words; Calcium supports the bones and teeth structure while vitamin D improves calcium absorption and bone growth. Vitamin D gives protection against cancer,  heart disease and diabetes.

Vitamin D is responsible for the development of bones of fetus in case of pregnancy. The deficiency of vitamin D can affect the baby's bone strength which may cause a bone deformity known as rickets.

Sun is good source of vitamin D. Vitamin D is generated in skin by means of sun’s ultraviolet rays & for this one just need sunlight exposure. Food sources of Vitamin D are from Cheese, butter, fortified milk, fortified cereals etc.

It is necessary to have your Vitamin D level checked by means of a blood test; before pregnancy or in early pregnancy.
If the level found too low, one has to consume vitamin D supplements under medical supervision.

If a would be mother is Vitamin D deficient during the pregnancy then the new born baby may not get enough vitamin D through breast milk. So the baby should consume vitamin D supplements under doctor's advise and must also have sun exposure for natural consumption of vitamin D through skin absorption. 


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Saturday, 4 April 2015

Vitamin K & Newborn Baby

Vitamin K & Newborn Baby:

Vitamin K has a tendency for blood clot and prevents serious bleeding. In newborns, vitamin K
injections can prevent bleeding disorder called ‘vitamin K deficiency bleeding’ (VKDB) or ‘haemorrhagic disease of the newborn’ (HDN). Vitamin K should be given to babies who are premature or sick, and babies have gone through surgery.

Babies do not get enough vitamin K from their mothers during pregnancy, or after pregnancy while breast feeding. VKDB can cause bleeding into the brain, and may result in damage to the brain. VKDB can be prevented by injecting in new babies with needed vitamin K. At the age of about 6 months, Baby's body starts building their own vitamin K.

Vitamin K can also be given by mouth although it is not as effective as when injected and the effect does not last as long.

If you choose vitamin K by mouth, your baby must have three doses:

- At birth
- At 3 to 5 days later
- In the 4th week, if the baby is fully breast fed. 
If your baby vomits within one hour of swallowing the vitamin K, the baby will need to have another dose.

All babies need to have vitamin K. Very small or premature babies may need smaller doses – your doctor can advise you about this. 

http://www.divyagarbhsanskar.com/ Vitamin K by mouth is not suitable for some babies:

Babies who are premature or sick should be given the vitamin by injection. The very small dose needed is difficult to measure by mouth, and these babies are also more likely to have feeding difficulties.
If you choose vitamin K by mouth but your baby is unwell when a dose is due, the baby may need to have the injection instead.

You should consult doctor  as a precaution:

- If your baby has any unexplained bleeding or there are any signs of jaundice (yellow colouring of the skin or whites of the eyes).
- Babies with liver problems are particularly at risk, even if they have had vitamin K.

Make sure that your baby’s vitamin K doses are recorded in the baby’s personal health record.
Talk to your doctor or healthcare worker if you need help or advice.


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