Pregnancy and Anaemia !!

Pregnancy and Anaemia:

During pregnancy, women should not be anaemic. Anaemia occurs when there is not enough red
blood cells in the blood. The role of Red blood cells is to carry oxygen from your heart to the rest of your body organs such as brain, muscles, skin, kidneys etc. RBC are produced in bone marrow section. RBC contains a haemoglobin protein which is vital for carrying oxygen. In our diet, We should consume iron, vitamin B12 and folate for having necessary haemoglobin from them.

During pregnancy, the women need to make more blood cells or extra haemoglobin which requires consumption of enough diet having  iron, vitamin B12 and folate. Iron supplements are needed in case natural indigestion of iron by the body.

There are many other reasons that women can become anaemic which should be discussed with health care professional.

There are few tests available to perform under the guidance of a doctor like blood count test, iron levels test, vitamin B12 test and folate levels test etc.

Symptoms of Anaemia:

- Feeling tired, weak & dizzy.
- Felling out of breath constantly & find it hard to concentrate.
- Feeling abnormal heart beats.

In case of severe anaemia during pregnancy, there might be a possibility of a reduced amount of amniotic fluid around fetus. There could be chance of miscarriage, premature baby birth or having baby's low birth weight. All these can be avoided by taking self care & by following precautions as suggested by the doctors.

Healthy tips:

- Plan pregnancy with good health by consulting doctor regarding anaemia and other conditions.
- Under doctor's guidance, the consumption of folic acid supplement will help prevent anaemia, and decrease the risk of neural tube defects such as spina bifida.
- Follow a healthy diet protects against anaemia. Advice from a doctor or dietitian is suggested, and vitamin B12 supplements may be recommended. Iron is found in iron fortified breads and cereals, eggs, spinach and dried fruit. Vitamin B12 is found in eggs and dairy products. Folate are found in green leafy vegetables, beans, muesli, broccoli, beef, Brussels sprouts,
lentils, beans, tofu, and soy milk. Eating enough citrus fruit may help you absorb the iron in your food, and may help prevent anaemia.
- Avoid tea and coffee with or soon after meals.

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